An information security policy is a living document that should be updated regularly to keep up with changes in technology and the organization itself. The components of a security policy will vary based on the size of a company, the type of IT infrastructure, and the type of data and information the company deals with.
Both the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) and the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have published standards for creating security policies. You can also find many security policy templates online to help you get started creating a security policy.
Here are typical elements you will find in an IT security policy.
Every security policy should define what security means to a business. The definition section of a policy should be concise and tell the reader the intent of the document.
User Access Rules
A security policy should define the roles and responsibilities of users that access resources on the organization's network.
A good security policy will identify how security profiles will be applied across devices like servers, firewalls, and workstations on the network.
A security policy will define the minimum complexity of user passwords because weak passwords are an enormous security risk.
A security policy should define what actions will be taken if policies are not followed or security breaches occur.
To ensure a security policy is being followed, audit the organization. The policy should define how these audits are performed.
Training is a necessary part of your security program. A trained staff that is on the lookout for security issues is the first line of defense in data security.